The word depressed is a common everyday word. People might say “I’m depressed” when in fact they mean “I’m fed up because I’ve had a row, or failed an exam, or lost my job”, etc.   These normal ups and downs of life mean that everyone feels sad or has “the blues” from time to time. But if emptiness and despair have taken hold of your life and won’t go away, you may have depression.

Defenition of depression

Depression is a mood disorder that causes a persistent feeling of sadness and loss of interest. dds2Also called  major depressive disorder or clinical depression, it affects how you feel, think and behave and can lead to a variety of emotional and physical problems. You may have trouble doing normal day-to-day activities, and depression may make you feel as if life isn’t worth living.

Several Forms of Depressive Disorders

There are many types of depression. Four main types of depression are:

Defenition Major depression : Severe symptoms that interfere with your ability to work, sleep, study, eat, and enjoy life. An episode can occur only once in a person’s lifetime, but more often, a person has several episodes.

Defenition Persistent depressive disorder: Depressed mood that lasts for at least 2 years.     A person diagnosed with persistent depressive disorder may have episodes of major depression along with periods of less severe symptoms, but symptoms must last for 2 years.

 Defenition Postnatal depression: Postnatal or postpartum depression can be defined as a depression suffered by a mother following childbirth, typically arising from the combination of pnd 1hormonal changes,psychological adjustment to motherhood, and fatigue. Postnataldepression is much more serious than the “baby blues” that many women experience after giving birth, when hormonal and physical changes and the new responsibility of caring for a newborn can be overwhelming. It is estimated that 10 to 15 percent of women experience postpartum depression after giving birth.

Defenition Psychotic depression: A state of depression so severe that the person loses contact with reality and suffers a variety of functional impairments. People with psychotic depression have the symptoms of major depression along with psychotic symptoms, such as  hallucinations (seeing or hearing things that aren’t there) ,delusions (false beliefs ) and paranoia (wrongly believing that others are trying to harm you)

Whatever the cause, your first step is to let your doctor know how you’re feeling. She may refer you to a mental health specialist to help figure out the type of depression you have. This diagnosis is important in deciding the right treatment for you.