Depression is not “one size fits all,” particularly when it comes to the genders. Not only are women more vulnerable to depression than men. Depression statistics reveal that women are twice as likely to have depression  and symptoms of depression as men. But the causes of  depression in women and even the pattern of symptoms are often different. Many factors contribute to the unique picture of  female depression in women

What causes depression in women ?

Many factors  are contributing to women’s increased risk for depression. It is likely that genetic,  chemical, hormonal, psychological, and social factors all intersect to contribute to depression in womencause2

Genetics : If a woman has a family history of depressive disorders, she may be more at risk of developing depressive disorders. However, this is not a hard and fast rule. Depression can occur in women without family histories of depression, and women from families with a strong family history of depression  may not develop depression themselves.                               Genetics research indicates that the risk for developing depression likely involves the combination of multiple genes with environmental or other factors.

Chemicals : Brain chemistry appears to be a significant factor in depressive disorders. Modern brain-imaging technologies, such as magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), have shown that the brains of people suffering from depression for years  look different than those of people without depression. The parts of the brain responsible for regulating mood, thinking, sleep, appetite and behavior don’t appear to be functioning normally.

Hormones : Scientists are also studying the influence of female hormones on depression. Researchers have shown that hormones directly affect the brain chemistry that controls emotions and mood. Specific times during a woman’s life are of particular interest, including cause1puberty ; the times before menstrual periods; before, during, and just after pregnancy (postpartum); and just prior to and during menopause (perimenopause).

Psychological causes of depression in women  Women are more likely to ruminate when they are depressed. This includes crying to relieve emotional tension, trying to figure out why you’re depressed, and talking to your friends about your depression. However, rumination has been found to maintain depression and even make it worse. Some studies show that women are more likely than men to develop depression from stress. Furthermore, the female physiological response to stress is different. Women produce more stress hormones than men do, and the female sex hormone progesterone prevents the stress hormone system from turning itself off as it does in men.The gender difference in depression begins in adolescence. The emergence of sex differences during puberty likely plays a role. Some researchers point to body dissatisfaction, which increases in girls during the sexual development of puberty.

Social causes of depression in women : Social factors can also play a part in causing depression in women, along with lifestyle choices, relationships, and coping skills.These may include:

  • Marital or relationship problems; balancing the pressures of career and home life
  • Family responsibilities such as caring for children, spouse, or aging parentscause4
  • Experiencing discrimination at work or not reaching important goals, losing or changing a job, retirement, or embarking on military service
  • Persistent money problems
  • Death of a loved one or other stressful life event that leaves you feeling useless, helpless, alone, or profoundly sad

There are more factors causing a increased risk for depression in women. But the good news is that depression is treatable. The more you understand the symptoms and causes of female depression, the more equipped you will be to tackle the condition head on.